Chapter 8 American Naturalism
1.Darwin＊s theory: ※natural selection§
2.Spenser＊s idea: ※social Darwinism§
3.French Naturalism: Zora
1.environment and heredity
2.scientific accuracy and a lot of details
3.general tone: hopelessness, despair, gloom, ugly side of the society
It prepares the way for the writing of 1920s＊ ※lost generation§ and T. S. Eliot.
IV. Theodore Dreiser
（2）The trilogy: Financier, The Titan, The Stoic
3.point of view
（1）He embraced social Darwinism 每 survival of the fittest. He learned to regard man as merely an animal driven by greed and lust in a struggle for existence in which only the ※fittest§, the most ruthless, survive.
（2）Life is predatory, a ※game§ of the lecherous and heartless, a jungle struggle in which man, being ※a waif and an interloper in Nature§, a ※wisp in the wind of social forces§, is a mere pawn in the general scheme of things, with no power whatever to assert his will.
（3）No one is ethically free; everything is determined by a complex of internal chemisms and by the forces of social pressure.
（1）Without good structure
（3）Lack in imagination
（5）Techniques in painting