英美文学通论
美国文学讲义8
发布时间:2008-05-26  浏览次数:

Chapter 8 American Naturalism

  I. Background

  1.Darwins theory: ※natural selection§

  2.Spensers idea: ※social Darwinism§

  3.French Naturalism: Zora

  II. Features

  1.environment and heredity

  2.scientific accuracy and a lot of details

  3.general tone: hopelessness, despair, gloom, ugly side of the society

  III.    significance

  It prepares the way for the writing of 1920s ※lost generation§ and T. S. Eliot.

  IV.     Theodore Dreiser

  1.life

  2.works

  (1Sister Carrie

  (2The trilogy: Financier, The Titan, The Stoic

  (3Jennie Gerhardt

  (4American Tragedy

  (5The Genius

  3.point of view

  (1He embraced social Darwinism survival of the fittest. He learned to regard man as merely an animal driven by greed and lust in a struggle for existence in which only the ※fittest§, the most ruthless, survive.

  (2Life is predatory, a ※game§ of the lecherous and heartless, a jungle struggle in which man, being ※a waif and an interloper in Nature§, a ※wisp in the wind of social forces§, is a mere pawn in the general scheme of things, with no power whatever to assert his will.

  (3No one is ethically free; everything is determined by a complex of internal chemisms and by the forces of social pressure.

  4.Sister Carrie

  (1Plot

  (2Analysis

  5.Style

  (1Without good structure

  (2Deficient characterization

  (3Lack in imagination

  (4Journalistic method

  (5Techniques in painting